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What are you being asked to do in your literature review? Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative.
A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic.
It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.
The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research.
It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) determine the nature of your research.
So if your paper still does not appear to be deﬁned by a central, guiding concept, or if it does not critically analyse the literature selected, then you should make a new outline based on what you have said in each section and paragraph of the paper, and decide whether you need to add information, to delete off-topic information, or to restructure the paper entirely. Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide.
For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.
At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic.
You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: Work out what you need to address in the literature review.
The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one.