In these situations, physician assisted suicide is sometime applied, which is controversial legally and ethically issue .
Physician assisted suicide used interchangeably with physician assisted death and assisted suicide, is suicide undertaken with the aid of another person, sometime a physician (American Heritage Dictionary Entry).
In Oregon, the incidence of physician assisted suicide has been increased from 0.6 in 1000 deaths to 3 in 1000 deaths in 19 respectively .
Ethical Defense In the last revised of The International Code of Medical Ethics in the section which under the name of duties of physicians to patients states that "A physician shall always bear in mind the obligation to respect human life" .
An argumentative assay is a writing method, challenging communication task that calls upon sophisticated cognitive and linguistic abilities, where the writer takes a position and tries to convince the reader to perform an action or to adopt a point of view regarding a controversial issue .
Physician assisted suicide defines as “knowingly and intentionally providing a person with the knowledge or means or both required to commit suicide, including counseling about lethal doses of drugs, prescribing such lethal doses or supplying the drugs” .Therefore, the aim of this paper is to create an argumentative essay to argue the use of physician assisted suicide for terminally ill patients as a last resort to end their suffer and end their life, while taking the legal and ethical points of view of opponents and proponents into consideration.The recent advance of the life -saving interventions and mechanical devices, that result from the medical technology has prolong dying process, which raise need to end of life care .The purpose of this literature review is to discuss the opponent’s and proponent’s points of view related to physician assisted suicide, from the legal and ethical sides.Opponents Physician assisted suicide is illegal in china under Article 232 “whoever intentionally commits homicide shall be sentenced to death, life imprisonment or fixed term imprisonment of not less than 10 years; if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than 3 years but not more than 10 years”, and Article 233 “whoever negligently causes death to another person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than 3 years but not more than 7 years; if the circumstances are relatively minor, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than 3 years, except as otherwise specifically provided in this Law” of the Criminal Law of People’s Republic of China .Dying process is too often needlessly protracted by these medical technology is consequently marked by incapacitations, intolerable pain, and indignity.Physician assisted suicide defines as knowingly and intentionally providing a person with the knowledge or means or both required to commit suicide, including counseling about lethal doses of drugs, prescribing such lethal doses or supplying the drugs.In Turkey, physician assisted suicide is illegal under Article 84 any person who commits, helps, supports, or encourages a person for suicide is punched with imprisonment from 2-5 years .In United Kingdom, assisted suicide is also illegal under Suicide Act 1961 .Also, Oregon legalized physician assisted suicide in 1997 .According to Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act, the patient who request physician assisted suicide should be; an adult with 18 years old or more, capable to make and communicate the health decision, diagnosed with terminal illness that will lead to death within six months, and an Oregon resident .