Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Also learn to use the Bookmark function in your Web browser. Discussion Board/Forum Posting If an author name is not available, use the username for the post. “Add
Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style. Here are some examples: The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. home page” after the name of the professor or department and before the institution’s name, followed by the date of access and URL. For example, the URL for customer privacy and security information is . A Page on a Web Site For an individual page on a Web site, list the author or alias if known, followed by the information covered above for entire Web sites. Note: Individuals using Wikipedia should use the “cite this article” link located in the “toolbox” area on the right side of the navigation. • Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. If the work is not published, put the title in quotation marks and end with the date the degree was awarded: Graban, Tarez Samra. “Toward a Conception of Religion as a Discursive Formation: Implications for Postmodern Composition Theory.” MA thesis. Works Cited: Periodicals MLA style is slightly different for popular periodicals, like magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals, as you’ll learn below. (Note: Your instructor may ask that you omit the number on your first page. “Towards a Feminine Ironic: Understanding Irony in the Oppositional Discourse of Women from the Early Modern and Modern Periods.” Diss. Article in a Magazine Cite by listing the article’s author, putting the title of the article in quotations marks, and underlining or italicizing the periodical title. Always follow your instructor’s guidelines.) • Use either italics or underlining throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis. Dissertations Dissertations and master’s theses may be used as sources whether published or not. Follow with the date with date and remember to abbreviate the month. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. • If you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Cite the work as you would a book, but include the designation Diss. Ecology, Feminism, and a Revised Critical Rhetoric: Toward a Dialectical Partnership. Editors and instructors also encourage everyone to use the same format so there is consistency of style within a given field. The MLA Style Manual provides some examples of electronic source citations in chapter six; however, the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers covers a wider variety of electronic sources in chapter six. Weblog Postings MLA does not yet have any official rules for citing blog entries or comments. Abiding by MLA’s standards as a writer will allow you to: • provide your readers with cues the can use to follow your ideas more efficiently and to locate information of interest to them • allow readers to focus more on your ideas by not distracting them with unfamiliar or complicated formatting • establish your credibility or ethos in the field by demonstrating an awareness of your audience and their needs as fellow researchers (particularly concerning the citing of references) Who Should Use MLA? Some Tips on Handling Electronic Sources It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible. But as the technology becomes more widely used for academic discussions, you may find yourself referencing blogs more often. NOTE: Give the exact date of the posted entry so your readers can look it up by date in the archive. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. We’ll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it’s important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. If the writer of the piece is different from the author of the complete work, then write the full name of the complete work’s author after the word “By.” For example: Duncan, Hugh Dalziel. Multiple Citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon: …as has been discussed elsewhere (Burke 3; Dewey 21). When Citation is not Needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge.