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Your introduction should contain a clear statement of the research question and the aims of the research (closely related to the question).It should also introduce and briefly review the literature on your topic to show what is already known and explain the theoretical framework.
The introduction needs to set the scene for the later work and give a broad idea of the arguments and/or research that preceded yours.
It should give some idea of why you chose to study this area, giving a flavour of the literature, and what you hoped to find out.
What you want to avoid is any unnecessary repetition. You need to present just enough information to contextualise your study and to be able to situate your aims, research questions an argument, but not too much that you end up confusing and bombarding the reader.
Keep things simple here; it's fine to overlook some of the more technical detail at this stage.
Read through your own introduction; is it clear what your contribution is and why it is important? For example, if you present too much background information and literature review before you outline the aim and purpose of the research the reader will struggle to follow, because they won't know why the background information is important.
What we see often is important information being spread throughout the introduction in such a way that the reader has to hunt for it.
Remember: they should be able to understand what your thesis is about, how it was conducted and why it is important just from reading the introduction. Instead, you should make the aims, questions and contribution clear in the opening lines and then gradually layer on more detail. Present too much detail too soon and the reader is confused.
If you present too little detail then they won't be able to. The last place you want confusion is in the introduction; if the reader can’t follow your introduction, they won’t understand the thesis.
Follow our layout guide above so that each piece of vital information is contained in its own mini section. It's more than likely that your research relies upon lots of technical terms, concepts and techniques.
If you must talk about any of these in the introduction, be sure to offer clear and concise definitions.