This is a noteworthy point, since the institutions that he mentioned, i.e.
factories, schools, barracks, and hospitals, all function in essentially the same way as the modern prison.
Draw a Venn diagram or chart to show this comparison. What were the primary purposes of Bentham’s Panopticon?
(pages 213-217) What features would make a perfect Panopticon? Starting on page 218, Foucault compares the Panopticon to a “laboratory.” At this point in the essay, he has presented schools, factories, hospitals and prisons as examples of Panoptic institutions. How does this experimentation increase the subjectivity of the average person? What is the connection between the “plague-stricken town” and the “panoptic establishment”? On page 225, Foucault writes, “One also sees the spread of disciplinary procedures, not in the form of enclosed institutions, but as centers of observation disseminated throughout society.” In your own society, who or what functions as “centers of observation”?
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It is noteworthy that the power and techniques of punishment depend on knowledge that creates and classifies individuals, and that knowledge derives its authority from certain relationships of power and domination (Sparknotes, 2006).In an interview, Foucault states: What I wanted to show is the fact that, starting from a certain conception of the basis of the right to punish, one can find in the work of penal experts and philosophers of the 18 century that different means of punishment were perfectly conceivable. one finds a whole spectrum of means to punish that are suggested, and finally it happens that the prison was in some way, the privileged one (Foucault, in Lotringer, 1989, p.286).Using the prison as an example, Foucault demonstrates how such disciplinary institutions utilize different techniques to form ‘docile bodies’: a direct coercion of the body to produce both productive subjects and instruments with which to channel power (Foucault, 1977, p.136). [Accessed 6 September 2019]; Available from: https:// Hence, the space defines the capabilities of each individual, which in turn contribute to the collective function of the mass. As it were, the individual is trained through its designation or position, the series that is relevant to his codified space, and through the issuance of a systematic order or command from the authority (Foucault, 1977, p.166). Download the worksheet as a Word doc here: Foucault’s Panopticism – Guided Reading Questions 1.From pages 209 to 212, Foucault describes the response to the plague in Europe.Again, this depends on what type of individual an institution intends to fashion. Docile body simply refers to the type of individual that is trained and disciplined in the context of a power relation in an institution. How did this system mark a shift in the way power functioned in society? On pages 211-213, Foucault compares the response to the plague to previous practices of excluding lepers from society.What are three details from his description that make evident the power or function of central authority? He argues that these practices are similar in some ways and different in others.