Essays On Charles Darwin Evolution Theory

Essays On Charles Darwin Evolution Theory-39
Hodge’s own statement of it cannot be very much bettered: ” does not purport to be philosophical. Darwin shows no disposition to resolve the efficiency of physical causes into the efficiency of the First Cause. are not due to the continued cooperation and control of the divine mind, nor to the original purpose of God in the constitution of the universe.’ In physical and physiological treatises, the most religious men rarely think it necessary to postulate the First Cause, nor are they misjudged by the omission. Darwin does show the disposition which our author denies him, not only by implication in many instances, but most explicitly where one would naturally look for it, namely–at the close of the volume in question: ‘’ etc.He set before himself a single problem–namely, How are the fauna and flora of our earth to be accounted for? Just as mathematicians and physicists, in their systems, are wont to postulate the fundamental and undeniable truths they are concerned with, or what they take for such and require to be taken for granted, so Mr.Moreover, the counts of the indictment may be demurred to.

Hodge’s own statement of it cannot be very much bettered: ” does not purport to be philosophical. Darwin shows no disposition to resolve the efficiency of physical causes into the efficiency of the First Cause. are not due to the continued cooperation and control of the divine mind, nor to the original purpose of God in the constitution of the universe.’ In physical and physiological treatises, the most religious men rarely think it necessary to postulate the First Cause, nor are they misjudged by the omission. Darwin does show the disposition which our author denies him, not only by implication in many instances, but most explicitly where one would naturally look for it, namely–at the close of the volume in question: ‘’ etc.He set before himself a single problem–namely, How are the fauna and flora of our earth to be accounted for? Just as mathematicians and physicists, in their systems, are wont to postulate the fundamental and undeniable truths they are concerned with, or what they take for such and require to be taken for granted, so Mr.

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Dar-win assumes the obligation of maintaining their general sufficiency–a task from which the numerous advocates and acceptors of evolution on the general concurrence of probabilities and its usefulness as a working hypothesis (with or without much conception of the manner how) are happily free.

Having hit upon a which all who understand it admit will explain something, and many that it will explain very much, it is to be expected that Mr. Doubtless he is far from pretending to know all the causes and operations at work; he has already added some and restricted the range of others; he probably looks for additions to their number and new illustrations of their efficiency; but he is bound to expect them all to fall within the category of what he calls natural selection (a most expansible principle), or to be congruous with it–that is, that they shall be natural causes.

Not to the constant and everywhere operative efficiency of God guiding physical causes in the production of intended effects; but 4.

To the gradual accumulation of ’ to the purport that natural selection denotes the totality of natural causes and their interactions, physical and physiological, reproduction, variation, birth, struggle, extinction–in short, all that is going on in Nature; that the variations which in this interplay are picked out for survival are ’ (which Dr.

He assumes, also, the existence of life in the form of one or more primordial germs. If all the seeds of a plant, all the spawn of a fish, were to arrive at maturity, in a very short time the world could not contain them. This variation, by the law of heredity, will be transmitted to its offspring, and by them again to theirs.

Some of these variations are indifferent, some deteriorations, some improvements–that is, such as enable the plant or animal to exercise its functions to greater advantage. All plants and animals tend to increase in a geometrical ratio, and therefore tend to overrun enormously the means of support. Fourth, here comes in the law of Natural Selection, or the Survival of the Fittest; that is, if any individual of a given species of plant or animal happens to have a slight deviation from the normal type favorable to its success in the struggle for life, it will survive.It is not for the theologian to object that the power which made individual men and other animals, and all the differences which the races of mankind exhibit, through secondary causes, could not have originated congeries of more or less greatly differing individuals through the same causes.Clearly, then, the difference between the theologian and the naturalist is not fundamental, and evolution may be as profoundly and as particularly theistic as it is increasingly probable. Hodge’s view, leavens the whole lump, is not inherent in the original grain of Darwinism–in the principles posited–but has somehow been introduced in the subsequent treatment. Perhaps there is mutual misapprehension growing out of some ambiguity in the use of terms.Darwin postulates, upon the first page of his notable work, and in the words of Whewell and Bishop Butler: 1.The establishment by divine power of general laws, according to which, rather than by insulated interpositions in each particular case, events are brought about in the material world; and 2. We need take only one exception to this abstract of it, but that is an important one for the present investigation. Thus, very gradually, great changes of structure are introduced, and not only species, but genera, families, and orders, in the vegetable and animal world, are produced Now, the truth or the probability of Darwin’s hypothesis is not here the question, but only its congruity or incongruity with theism.Hodge takes to be the denial of any such thing as final causes); and that the interactions and processes going on which constitute natural selection may suffice to account for the present diversity of animals and plants (primordial organisms being postulated and time enough given) with all their structures and adaptations–that is, to account for them scientifically, as science accounts for other things.A good deal may be made of this, but does it sustain the indictment?That by the word ‘since what is natural as much requires and presupposes an intelligent agent to render it so–i.e., to effect it continually or at stated times–as what is supernatural or miraculous does to effect it for once.’ causes, we are left in no doubt as to the ultimate source which he refers them to.Rather let us say there ought to be no doubt, unless there are other grounds for it to rest upon.

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