Dewey’s concern that a focus on the learner’s interests needs to be balanced with the need to develop powerful knowledge and understanding continues to matter today in debates about how to organise the curriculum.
Dewey believed developing intellectual powers is a necessary but not a sufficient goal of education.
Schooling must equip young people to live a fulfilled life and become life-long learners, able to fulfil their potential and contribute to society.
The modern globalised world is by contrast highly unpredictable.
Individuals often have little job security and multiple careers, and coping with uncertainty well has never been more important.
While he certainly believed education needs to connect learning to the real world experience of learners and be child-centred, he also emphasised the importance of a rigorous curriculum that developed powerful methodologies and knowledge.
Dewey was uncomfortable with some of the more extreme progressive pedagogical approaches that became associated with his name.And notice that all this means that the foundation of belief and all reflection on its origin is likewise excluded as sinful.What is wanted are blindness and intoxication and an eternal song over the waves in which reason has drowned.” ― tags: atheism, belief, blind, blind-faith, blindness, christian-faith, christian-miracle, critical-thinking, critical-thought, death-of-reason, doubt, doubt-is-sin, eternity, existence, foundation-of-belief, human-nature, intoxication, meaning, meaning-of-life, metaphor, miracle, myth, nature, origin, philosophy, purpose, purpose-of-life, reason, reflection, religious-faith, resurrection, resurrection-of-jesus, sin, sinful, thinking, thoughts, wasted-life “Responsibility to yourself means refusing to let others do your thinking, talking, and naming for you; it means learning to respect and use your own brains and instincts; hence, grappling with hard work.” ― “There is a magnificent, beautiful, wonderful painting in front of you! They own all the important land, they own and control the corporations that've long since bought and paid for, the senate, the congress, the state houses, the city halls, they got the judges in their back pocket, and they own all the big media companies so they control just about all of the news and the information you get to hear. They spend billions of dollars every year lobbying to get what they want. They want more for themselves and less for everybody else. They don't want a population of citizens capable of critical thinking.Dewey’s understanding of constructivism as a theory explaining how deep learning happens, further developed by Vygotsky and others, has become the established paradigm.Consequences, now widely recognised, include engaging and challenging students, relating learning to experience and listening to the voice of the learner in order to understand students’ thinking and adjust teaching accordingly.Democracy is not only about extending voting rights, a big issue in 1916, but also equipping citizens with the ability to take on the responsibility to make informed, intelligent choices and decisions leading to the public good.He believed that democracy is not just a political system but an ethical ideal with active informed participation by citizens..Established beliefs and theories should be critically questioned and revised in the light of developments, pragmatically evolving to meet the needs of changing times.If democracy is to work it required informed, knowledgeable and wise citizens and, therefore, education has a moral purpose.He believed that learning is a social, communal process requiring students to construct their own understanding based on personal experience.“No thought, no idea, can possibly be conveyed as an idea from one person to another….by wrestling with the conditions of the problem first hand, seeking and finding his[her] own way out, does he [she] think.…joy which children themselves experience is the joy of intellectual constructiveness.” [Dewey 1916, p166] The importance of inquiry as an instructional approach Dewey emphasised the importance of inquiry as an instructional approach and has become associated with the discovery of learning and child-centred, progressive teaching approaches.