This session enables the participants to understand the construction of proper comparisons and avoid making common mistakes in comparative case studies.
On day 7, we continue with a discussion of advanced issues in comparisons.
We start with the distinction between different types of scope conditions and their implications for empirical research.
Then, we clarify the distinction between the positive and negative outcome and its role for drawing the boundaries of the population Day 4 and day 5 are concerned with two related issues.
First, the can be the cross-case level (often understood as the macro level), or the within-case level (i.e. Third, we introduce the importance of difference-making and counterfactuals for causal inference and elaborate the difference between and when and how we claim that an observed empirical association reflects a causal relationship.
We introduce the the criterion of difference-making as the benchmark for inferring causal relationships.Second, “lab sessions” give the participants the opportunity to apply the new insights to their own project; this is achieved by discussions about the participants’ projects in small groups and among the entire class.Third, the assignment portion involves in-class discussions of short assignments (simple methodological questions) related to the participants studies and published case studies from different fields within political science.The course is useful for participants at every stage of their research.Participants at the beginning are provided with the skills to carefully plan their study.A distinction is made between correlations (e.g., the more X, the more Y) and set-relations (e.g., if X, then Y) as these currently represent the two major perspectives on causal effects in the social sciences.Finally, we introduce the basics of , as it became increasingly important in the recent literature about case studies and process tracing.is Professor of Methods of Comparative Political Research at the Cologne Center for Comparative Politics, University of Cologne.He researches social science methods with a focus on qualitative methods (case studies and process tracing), Qualitative Comparative Analysis and multimethod research.issues related to the preparation of interviews or archival research.Case studies have a long tradition in the social sciences.