Even today case histories are one of the main methods of investigation in abnormal psychology and psychiatry. Only someone qualified to diagnose and treat a person can conduct a formal case study relating to atypical (i.e. The procedure used in a case study means that the researcher provides a description of the behavior.
This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i.e. This comes from interviews and other sources, such as observation.
retrospective), as well as to significant events which are currently occurring in his or her everyday life.
The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies.
Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans.
Freud (1909a, 1909b) conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome their illnesses.Case studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of research participants (nomothetic approach) with the aim of ‘averaging’.Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways.They can help us generate new ideas (that might be tested by other methods).They are an important way of illustrating theories and can help show how different aspects of a person's life are related to each other.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.descriptive) data a lot depends on the interpretation the psychologist places on the information she has acquired. In The Pelican Freud Library (1977), Vol 8, Case Histories 1, pages 169-306 Freud, S. Bemerkungen über einen Fall von Zwangsneurose (Der "Rattenmann"). This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.Case studies are often used in exploratory research.