When writing an academic paper, you may need to quote something you’ve read somewhere.But how to do this depends on the referencing system being used, so it pays to do some research.
When writing an academic paper, you may need to quote something you’ve read somewhere.But how to do this depends on the referencing system being used, so it pays to do some research.Tags: Gay Rights Persuasive EssayWriting Ability Early Childhood ThesisDo My Chemistry Homework FreeDivorce Term PapersSolving Volume ProblemsPatriotism Essay 2013Explaining A Concept Essay Ideas
Using quotes is a great way for readers to “hear” the expert voices talking about your writing topic. Here are some examples of how to introduce a source: After introducing the quote, be sure that you use a signal verb to indicate that the source’s words are next.
When quoting, focus on (a) introducing the quote, (b) explaining its relevance, and (c) citing the sources—both in your writing and in formal citations. Introduce the source by giving your reader any information that would be useful to know: Who said it? In the third example above, you can see that "states" has been used to signal the source’s words.
Precisely how do you insert this required information into your writing? The first is to include the full or last name(s) of the author(s) directly in a sentence, and the year of publication in parentheses just following the name(s).
If directly quoting, include at the end of your sentence the page number where the quotation can be found.
The first time you cite a source, you then need to give full bibliographic information in the accompanying footnote (including page numbers for the section quoted).
With the author-date version of Chicago referencing, sources are cited in the main text of your paper.When quoting, this means giving the author’s surname, year of publication, and relevant page numbers in parentheses after the quotation: It is important to investigate “possible causal pathways connecting genetic replicators and social behaviors” (Mitchell 1996, 132).If the author is named in the text, however, the citation is given after their name: Mitchell (1996, 132) investigates “possible causal pathways connecting genetic replicators and social behaviors.” Full bibliographic information of all cited sources is then given in the reference list.Block quotations are most often used if the passage takes up more than four typed lines in your paper.Indentation and spacing guidelines vary depending on the formatting style you are using (APA, MLA, Chicago, or other).If a passage has a middle section that doesn’t relate to the point you are making, drop it out and replace it with an ellipsis (…) to indicate that you have left out part of the original text.Set up long quotations in blocks; these are generally called block quotations.The other key fact to remember is that longer quotations are formatted differently in Chicago referencing.These are known as “block quotes” and should be: In order to evaluate the legitimacy of such explanations it is, thus, necessary to explicate the variety of possible causal pathways connecting genetic replicators and social behaviors.If phenotypic variation is the direct object of natural selection, one must understand the underlying relationship between the phenotypic expression and genetic replicators to argue that any such phenotypic trait is, or can be, an adaptation.Quoting from outside sources is an important part of academic writing because it puts you into the scholarly conversation and makes your own ideas and your paper more credible.