Action research is any research into practice undertaken by those involved in that practice, with the primary goal of encouraging continued reflection and making improvement.
It can be done in any professional field, including medicine, nursing, social work, psychology, and education.
Due to the difference in the focus of an action research report, the language style used may not be the same as what we normally see or use in a standard research report.
Although both kinds of research, both action and traditional, can be published in academic journals, action research may also be published and delivered in brief reports or on websites for a broader, non-academic audience.
Action research is particularly popular in the field of education.
When it comes to teaching, practitioners may be interested in trying out different teaching methods in the classroom, but are unsure of their effectiveness.This will involve gathering data and evidence to support your solution.Common data collection methods include observation of individual or group behavior, taking audio or video recordings, distributing questionnaires or surveys, conducting interviews, asking for peer observations and comments, taking field notes, writing journals, and studying the work samples of your own and your target participants.This process usually starts with a question or an observation about a current problem.After identifying the problem area and narrowing it down to make it more manageable for research, the development process continues as you devise an action plan to investigate your question.You may have a better solution to your question now, due to the increase of your available evidence.You may also think about the steps you will try next, or decide that the practice needs to be observed again with modifications.The term itself already suggests that it is concerned with both “action” and “research,” as well as the association between the two.Kurt Lewin (1890-1947), a famous psychologist who coined this term, believed that there was “no action without research; no research without action” (Marrow, 1969, p.163).This is why writing a clear report that does not bore or confuse your readers is essential.It sounds paradoxical that while practitioners tend to have a great deal of knowledge at their disposal, often they do not communicate their insights to others. Tiffany Ip is a lecturer at Hong Kong Baptist University.